Charles Robert Darwin (1809 - 1882) is known for his theory of evolution by natural selection. Born in Shrewsbury to a sophisticated English family, he attended the University of Edinburgh and the University of Cambridge. In 1831, Darwin took a voyage aboard the English survey ship HMS Beagle as a naturalist on a scientific expedition. Darwin is most famous for hisOn the Origin of Species (1859). He also published The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex (1871).
Charles Darwin, a revolutionary British geologist and naturalist, laid the foundation for both the modern theory of evolution and the principle of common descent by the mechanism of natural selection.