Emile Gaboriau (1833 - 1873), French novelist and journalist, was born to a humble family on Saujon. He considered himself a disciple of Edgar Allen Poe and wrote crime fictions about evidence gathering and interpretation of clues. The father of French detective fiction, he is most famous for his masterwork, Monsieur Lecoq (1868), which depicts a real - life thief who turns into a policeman and helps establish security police in Paris.
French crime-fiction novelist Gaboriau is known as 'Father of the detective novel' and Edgar Allan Poe of France. He wrote 21 novels in 13 years. His work reflects his imaginative power and keen observation.