Frank Norris (1870 - 1902), an American novelist and journalist, born in Chicago,Illinois. An avid reader of Emile Zola and Edgar Allan Poe, most of his works belong to the naturalist genre. As a reporter, he wrote about the Boer War and the other conflicts of South Africa, as well as the upheavals in Cuba. Although he never voiced his socialist views, they are reflected in his fictional works. He continued his career as a journalist while writing fiction frequently and was successful in both pursuits.
American novelist Norris was the first important Naturalist writer of the country. Not a supporter of Socialism as a political system, his works nevertheless reflect his Socialist approach. His work was also influenced by Darwinism.