Tolstoy, Leo Nikoleyevich
Leo Tolstoy was a Russian novelist and moral philosopher noted for his ideas of nonviolent resistance. His diary reveals an incessant pursuit of a morally justified life. He was known for his generosity to the peasants.
His best known novels are 'War and Peace' (1869), which Tolstoy regarded as an epic rather than a novel, and 'Anna Karenina' (1877). His work was admired in his time by Dostoyevsky, Checkov, Turgenev, and Flaubert, and later by Virginia Woolf and James Joyce.