A.J.M. Smith was a professor at Michigan State University until 1972. Upon his retirement, the university created an award in his name, which is given away annually to honour a noteworthy book by a Canadian poet. Michael Gnarowski has written for Encyclopedia Americana, The Canadian Encyclopedia, The McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of World Biography, and the Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Poetry. Gnarowski is professor emeritus at Carleton University in Ottawa.