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Huxley, Thomas Henry
Renowned British biologist and educator, Huxley is regarded as the originator of the concept of “biogenesis.” He was a strong supporter of Charles Darwin’s Theory of Evolution and his own scientific research led to the discovery of “Huxley’s Layer” – an inner layer of cells in the hair. Apart from science, he also produced masterpieces on several other subjects including philosophy, religion and politics. He was the first one to use the term “agnosticism.”
In recognition of his innumerable efforts, Huxley was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1850. The next year, he received the Royal medal and was elected to the council. He held various public offices including ten Royal Commissions from 1862 to 1884. He was appointed a secretary of the Royal Society in 1871 and later served as its president from 1881 to 1885. The Royal Society honoured him with the Copley Medal in 1888. In 1892, he was made a Privy Councillor. He also served as the chair of natural history at the School of Mines for thirty-one years.
Huxley’s knowledge and wisdom is preserved in an extensive treasure of essays, papers and lectures. The most celebrated of these are On a Hitherto Undescribed Structure in the Human Hair Sheath (1845), On the Anatomy and the Affinities of the Family of Medusae (1849), The Theory of Vertebrate Skull (1858), Evidence as to Man’s Place in Nature (1863), Science and Morals (1888), Evolution and Ethics (1893), and The Physical Basis of Life (1868). His autobiography was published posthumously in 1903.
Renowned British biologist and educator, Huxley is regarded as the originator of the concept of “biogenesis.” He was a strong supporter of Charles Darwin’s Theory of Evolution.